Procedural and total hospital costs per case were abstracted from

Procedural and total hospital costs per case were abstracted from hospital billing systems.\n\nMean age of the study group was 44.1 years (+/- 14.8), 87 % were Caucasian, and 77 % were female, with no difference between groups. Operative times were longer for SILC (median = 57 vs. 47 min, p = 0.008), but mean LOS was similar (6.8 +/- A 4.2 h SILC vs. 6.2 +/- A

4.8 h TLC, p = 0.59). Operating room cost and encounter cost were similar. GIQLI scores were not significantly different preoperatively or at 2 or 4 weeks postoperatively. Patients reported higher satisfaction with wound appearance at 2 weeks with SILC. There were no differences in pain scores in recovery or in the first 48 h, although SILC patients required significantly more narcotic in recovery (19 mg morphine equivalent vs. 11.5, p = 0.03).\n\nSILC is a longer operation but can be done at the

same cost as TLC. Recovery and pain scores are not significantly different. There may be an improvement in patient satisfaction with wound appearance. Both procedures are valid approaches to cholecystectomy.”
“Objective\n\nTo evaluate the clinical efficacy and cardiorespiratory effects of alfaxalone as an anaesthetic induction agent in dogs with moderate to severe systemic disease.\n\nStudy design\n\nRandomized prospective clinical study.\n\nAnimals\n\nForty dogs of physical status ASA III-V referred for various surgical procedures.\n\nMethods\n\nDogs were pre-medicated with intramuscular methadone (0.2 mg kg-1) and allocated randomly to one of two treatment groups for induction of anaesthesia: alfaxalone (ALF) Proteases inhibitor 1-2 mg kg-1 administered intravenously PP2 cost (IV) over 60 seconds or fentanyl 5 mu g kg-1 with diazepam 0.2 mg kg-1 +/- propofol 1-2 mg kg-1 (FDP) IV to allow endotracheal intubation. Anaesthesia was maintained with isoflurane in oxygen and fentanyl infusion following both treatments. All dogs were mechanically ventilated to maintain normocapnia. Systolic blood pressure (SAP) was measured by Doppler ultrasound before

and immediately after anaesthetic induction, but before isoflurane administration. Parameters recorded every 5 minutes throughout subsequent anaesthesia were heart and respiratory rates, end-tidal partial pressure of carbon dioxide and isoflurane, oxygen saturation of haemoglobin and invasive systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure. Quality of anaesthetic induction and recovery were recorded. Continuous variables were assessed for normality and analyzed with the Mann Whitney U test. Repeated measures were log transformed and analyzed with repeated measures anova (p < 0.05).\n\nResults\n\nTreatment groups were similar for continuous and categorical data. Anaesthetic induction quality was good following both treatments. Pre-induction and post-induction systolic blood pressure did not differ between treatments and there was no significant change after induction.

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