“Background/Aims: Cetuximab is a chimeric antibody registered for the therapy of advanced colorectal carcinoma. Among the side-effects of
cetuximab hypomagnesaemia has been described, but the information is still limited. Methodology: We have evaluated retrospectively serum magnesium, potassium, calcium, creatinine and albumin in 51 consecutive patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma treated with cetuximab, mostly combined with irinotecan-based combination chemotherapy. Results: A significant decrease of www.selleckchem.com/products/ABT-888.html serum magnesium, potassium, calcium and corrected serum calcium, creatinine and albumin concentrations was already evident one week after the start of treatment. Hypomagnesaemia of any grade was detected in 56% of evaluable patients, but grade 3 or grade 4 hypomagnesaemia was observed in 6% and 4% of patients, respectively. Grade 1 hypokalemia https://www.selleckchem.com/products/sb273005.html was detected in 47%, grade 3 in 17% and grade 4 hypokalemia
was detected in 6% of the patients. Among evaluable patients grade 1 hypocalcaemia was detected in (36%), grade 2 hypocalcaemia in 42%, grade 3 in 4% and grade 4 in 13% of patients. Baseline hypocalcaemia of grade 1 or higher was associated with significantly inferior survival. Conclusions: Asymptomatic hypomagnesaemia, hypokalemia and hypocalcaemia are common in metastatic colorectal carcinoma patients treated with cetuximab. Hypocalcaemia is a predictor of poor prognosis.”
“Objective. The kidney has been proposed to play a central role in apo AI catabolism, suggesting that HDL structure is determined,
at least in part, by this organ. Here, we aimed at determining the effects of a renal mass reduction on HDL size distribution, lipid content, and apo AI turnover.\n\nMethods. We characterized HDL subclasses in rabbits with a 75% reduction of functional renal mass (Nptx group), using enzymatic staining of samples separated on polyacrylamide electrophoresis selleck chemical gels, and also performed kinetic studies using radiolabeled HDL-apo AI in this animal model.\n\nResults. Creatinine clearance was reduced to 35% after nephrectomy as compared to the basal values, but without increased proteinuria. A slight, but significant modification of the relative HDL size distribution was observed after nephrectomy, whereas cholesterol plasma concentrations gradually augmented from large HDL2b (+54%) to small HDL3b particles (+150%, P<0.05). Cholesteryl esters were the increased fraction; in contrast, free cholesterol phospholipids and triglycerides of HDL subclasses were not affected by nephrectomy. HDL-apo AI fractional catabolic rates were similar to controls.\n\nConclusion. Reduction of functional renal mass is associated to enrichment of HDL subclasses with cholesteryl esters.